Emotional Contagionprimitive Emotional Contagion Theory

OF. See FACIAL FEEDBACK HYPOTHESIS.

EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION, PRINCIPLES OF. See WUNDT'S THEORIES/ DOCTRINES/PRINCIPLES.

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE, THEORY OF. = social intelligence. The American psychologists Peter Salovey (1958- ) and John D. Mayer (1953- ) speculated that the following four groups of abilities and competencies comprise the notion of emotional intelligence: the appraisal, perception, and expression of emotions accurately; the ability to access and elicit emotions when they aid in the cognitive processes; the ability to understand emotional messages and make use of emotional information; and the regulation of one's own emotions in order to achieve and promote growth, health, and well-being. Other criteria employed in emotional intelligence theory include the addition of various other factors such as interpersonal skills, and the ability to adapt to changing situations and environments; cf., the concept of emotional quotient or EQ (analogous to the IQ index of conventional intelligence theory) which is assessed via self-report measures of persons' perceptions and appraisals of their own competencies/experiences and levels of functioning, among other measures. The concept of EQ here is not to be confused with the concept of encephalization quotient (also known as EQ) that is an index of the comparative intelligence of animal species (where brain volume of a given animal is divided by the brain volume of a standard comparison animal belonging to the same class and corrected for body size), and as developed by the Polish-born American psychologist Harry J. Jerison (1925) [cf., progression index - also a mea-sure of the comparative intelligence of mammalian species, based on a modification of the en-cephalization quotient involving volume of animals' neocortex; and association/sensation (A/S) ratio - the Canadian psychologist Donald O. Hebb (1904-1985) formulated this index of the comparative intelligence of mammalian species, defined as brain volume dedicated to "association areas" of the brain divided by brain volume dedicated to "sensory/ motor" areas]. See also EMOTIONS, THEORIES/LAWS OF; INTELLIGENCE, THEORIES/LAWS OF. REFERENCES

Hebb, D. O. (1947). Organization of behavior.

New York: Wiley. Leuner, B. (1966). Emotional intelligence and emancipation. Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie, 15, 196-203. Payne, W. L. (1986). A study of emotion: Developing emotional intelligence; self-integration; relating to fear, pain, and desire. Dissertation Abstracts International, 47(1-A), 203.

Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 9, 185211.

Emotional development and emotional intelligence: Educational implications. New York: Basic Books. Ciarrochi, J., Forgas, J., & Mayer, J. D. (Eds.)

(2001). Emotional intelligence in everyday life: A scientific inquiry. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press. Barrett, L. F., & Salovey, P. (Eds.) (2002).

The wisdom in feeling: Psychological processes in emotional intelligence. New York: Guilford Press.

EMOTIONAL QUOTIENT. See EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE, THEORY OF.

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