Heads Theory Of Dual Cutaneous Sensibilities See Somesthesis Theories Of

HEALTH BELIEF MODEL. In the area of health psychology, the most established model of health-related behavior is the health belief model (cf., Janz & Becker, 1984), which proposes that individuals - in response to a cue or action such as the experience of a symptom or invitation to attend a health checkup - will act on the basis of their beliefs about the advantages and disadvantages of taking a particular course of action (cf., the less widely used but more successful model, called the theory of reasoned action, which proposes that the best predictors of individuals' voluntary action are their behavioral intentions that are determined by one's attitude and beliefs regarding the behavior, and the subjective norm regarding the behavior, including normative beliefs concerning others' opinions about the behavior). According to the health belief model, persons' perceptions of the particular threat depends on their beliefs about its seriousness and their vulnerability and/or susceptibility to it. For example, for some health-related behaviors (such as "safe" sexual behavior), individuals may acknowledge the gravity of the associated health threat (such as becoming infected by HIV) but may not see themselves as being vulnerable; in contrast, for other behaviors (such as dental health care), individuals may well acknowledge their susceptibility to health threat (such as cavities or gum disease) but may not regard it as sufficiently serious to take the appropriate preventive action. The health belief model has been used for numerous studies of health-related behaviors, particularly those concerned with prevention. However, it has not been entirely successful and, as a result, other variables (e.g., "efficacy beliefs") have been added to the model to increase its explanatory power; but, even with the supplement of such variables, the overall results are still modest. This condition may reflect, in part, the general problem of trying to predict behavior from attitudes, as well as the more specific problem that people may not necessarily think about health issues in the way suggested by the health belief model. See also REASONED ACTION AND PLANNED BEHAVIOR THEORIES. REFERENCES

Janz, N. K., & Becker, M. (1984). The health belief model: A decade later. Health Education Quarterly, 11, 1-47. Duberstein, P. R., & Masling, J. M. (2000).

Psychodynamic perspectives on sickness and health. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

HEALTH SWEEP IMAGERY TECHNIQUE. See IMAGERY/MENTAL IMAGERY, THEORIES OF.

HEARING THEORIES. See AUDITION/ HEARING, THEORIES OF.

Brain Training Improving Your Memory

Brain Training Improving Your Memory

For as much as we believe we train our brains and give them a good workout, we seldom actually do it on a regular basis. In most cases, our brains are not used in a balanced way. We're creatures of habit. We find a way to do things that we consider comfortable and we seldom change our ways.

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