Hyatts Anagenesis Theory



HYDRAULIC THEORY. This general notion - which underlies several theories that model the phenomena under study using a hydraulic or pressure principle - refers to the assumption that things behave like fluids under pressure and are ready to break through any weak spots in a boundary, barrier, or border should the pressure exceed some critical level. Examples of such hydraulic theories are the German-American psychologist Max Meyer's (1873-1967) theory of hearing, Sigmund Freud's personality theory, and the ethological theory of the Austrian ethologist Konrad Z. Lorenz (1903-1989) and the Dutch ethologist Nikolaas Tinbergen (1907-1988). In one case, in Lorenz's hydraulic model of aggression,, it is hypothesized that stored instinctual energy needs to be discharged and, once discharged, a refractory period is required for buildup because the full store of emotional energy is flushed (comparable to flushing a toilet). Lorenz claimed that aggressive behavior may detonate spontaneously, even in the absence of a stimulus, because of the operation of a hypothetical "innate releasing mechanism." See also AGGRESSION, THEORIES OF; ALEXANDER'S PRINCIPLE OF SURPLUS ENERGY; AUDITION/ HEARING, THEORIES OF; FREUD'S THEORY OF PERSONALITY; INFANT ATTACHMENT THEORIES; SPENCER'S THEORY OF LAUGHTER/HUMOR. REFERENCES

Meyer, M. (1928). The hydraulic principles governing the function of the cochlea. Journal of General Psychology, 1, 239-265.

Freud, S. (1953-1964). The standard edition of the complete psychological works of SigmundFreud. J. Strachey (Ed.), 24 vols. London: Hogarth Press. Lorenz, K. Z. (1966). On aggression. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

The Ultimate Guide To Overcoming Fear And Getting Breakthroughs. Fear is without doubt among the strongest and most influential emotional responses we have, and it may act as both a protective and destructive force depending upon the situation.

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