Noncontradiction Law Of

PARSIMONY, LAW/PRINCIPLE OF.

NONLINEAR DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS THEORY. See ORGANIZATIONAL/INDUSTRIAL/SYSTEMS THEORY.

NONPSYCHOANALYTIC HUMOR AND LAUGHTER THEORIES. Taken collectively, or comparatively, the various traditional nonpsychoanalytic humor/laughter theories (cf., psychoanalytic/Freudian theory of wit/ humor) may be distinguished on the following theoretical bases, issues, or points of disagreement: whether laughter is of a pleasurable nature or not; whether laughter is an inborn instinct or an individually-acquired behavior; whether or not laughter contains aggressive and/or sexual components; whether laughter contains moralistic notions of goodness and spontaneous appearance; is there a lack of standardized terminology (where, for example, the terms humor, wit, the comic, self-derision, and grim humor are confused invariably); whether a laughter theory needs to explain the causes of laughter and the "transformation of energy;" whether the use of laughter for social purposes is primary or secondary; whether laughter is a purely aesthetic issue or involves a psychological problem; whether laughter is exclusively a human attribute; the alleged reasons and mechanisms that produce laughter; the functions that humor and laughter serve; and whether the notion of the unconscious plays any role at all in laughter and humor. See also FREUD'S THEORY OF WIT/HUMOR; HUMOR, THEORIES OF. REFERENCE

Bergler, E. (1956). Laughter and the sense of humor. New York: International Medical Book Company.

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