Reference

Roeckelein, J. E. (2002). The psychology of humor. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

AMBIVALENCE THEORY. This proposition by the Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler (1857-1939) and the Austrian neurologist and psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) asserts that two opposing ("ambivalent") beliefs, desires, behavioral tendencies, or emotions (e.g., love and hate) may coexist concurrently in one person, and are directed toward the same instinctual object or individual. At one time, the presence of ambivalence in a person was thought to be a major sign of schizoid (i.e., emotional coldness, withdrawal, and a general inability to form intimate attachments to others) tendencies, but today the notion of ambivalence carries less pejorative connotations, and is a commonly accepted aspect of one's personal and social develop ment. The concept of ambivalence is traceable, also, to the early work of the German-born American psychologist Kurt Lewin (18901947), especially in his field theory dealing with conflict, and denotes a decisional state in which one is pulled simultaneously in two mutually exclusive directions or toward two opposite goals. See also FREUD'S THEORY OF PERSONALITY; GOOD BREAST- BAD BREAST THEORY; LEWIN'S FIELD THEORY.

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

The Ultimate Guide To Overcoming Fear And Getting Breakthroughs. Fear is without doubt among the strongest and most influential emotional responses we have, and it may act as both a protective and destructive force depending upon the situation.

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