Lennings, C. (1994). A cognitive understanding of adolescent suicide. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 120, 287-307.


COGNITIVE-PERCEPTUAL THEORIES OF HUMOR. The cognitive-perceptual theories of humor subsume the concepts of superiority, incongruity, surprise, ambivalence, configurations, and motives as the basis for systematizing and classifying humor theories in the psychological literature. Thus, as a generic label for humor theories, the cognitive-perceptual theories include the following notions: self versus others comparisons, and the resultant feelings of triumph or elation ("superiority" theories); cognitions involving divergency from expected or habitual customs ("incongruity" theories); perceptions and cognitions involving suddenness, surprise, or shock ("surprise" theories); perceptions and cognitions consisting of conflict-mixture or oscillations ("ambivalence" theories); perceptions of unrelated elements that suddenly fall into their proper place ("configurational" theories); and drive for closure involving the successful and surprising resolution of an incongruity, paradox, or double-meaning ("motivational" theories). Theorists who favor the cognitive-perceptual theories of humor suggest that "getting the joke" is the real source of pleasure in humor; in comprehending the "point" of a joke, one is able to master the symbolic properties of the event with its multiple meanings and its allegorical or figurative allusions. In a sense, the process is similar to solving a complex problem or puzzle where the sudden discrepancy gained by the reshuffling of the meanings and symbols into a surprisingly novel relationship is the main source of personal gratification. See also AMBIVALENCE THEORIES OF HUMOR; COGNITIVE THEORIES OF HUMOR; CON-FIGURATIONAL THEORIES OF HUMOR; HUMOR, THEORIES OF; INCONGRUITY/INCONSISTENCY THEORIES OF HUMOR; MOTIVATIONAL THEORIES OF HUMOR; SUPERIORITY THEORIES OF HUMOR; SURPRISE THEORIES OF HUMOR. REFERENCE

Roeckelein, J. E. (2002). The psychology of humor. Westport, CT: Greenwood.

How To Win Your War Against Anxiety Disorders

How To Win Your War Against Anxiety Disorders

Tips And Tricks For Relieving Anxiety... Fast Everyone feels anxious sometimes. Whether work is getting to us or we're simply having hard time managing all that we have to do, we can feel overwhelmed and worried that we might not be able to manage it all. When these feelings hit, we don't have to suffer. By taking some simple steps, you can begin to create a calmer attitude, one that not only helps you feel better, but one that allows you the chance to make better decisions about what you need to do next.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment