Reference

Lennings, C. (1994). A cognitive understanding of adolescent suicide. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 120, 287-307.

COGNITIVE MODELS OF DURATION JUDGMENT. See PSYCHOLOGICAL TIME, MODELS OF.

COGNITIVE-PERCEPTUAL THEORIES OF HUMOR. The cognitive-perceptual theories of humor subsume the concepts of superiority, incongruity, surprise, ambivalence, configurations, and motives as the basis for systematizing and classifying humor theories in the psychological literature. Thus, as a generic label for humor theories, the cognitive-perceptual theories include the following notions: self versus others comparisons, and the resultant feelings of triumph or elation ("superiority" theories); cognitions involving divergency from expected or habitual customs ("incongruity" theories); perceptions and cognitions involving suddenness, surprise, or shock ("surprise" theories); perceptions and cognitions consisting of conflict-mixture or oscillations ("ambivalence" theories); perceptions of unrelated elements that suddenly fall into their proper place ("configurational" theories); and drive for closure involving the successful and surprising resolution of an incongruity, paradox, or double-meaning ("motivational" theories). Theorists who favor the cognitive-perceptual theories of humor suggest that "getting the joke" is the real source of pleasure in humor; in comprehending the "point" of a joke, one is able to master the symbolic properties of the event with its multiple meanings and its allegorical or figurative allusions. In a sense, the process is similar to solving a complex problem or puzzle where the sudden discrepancy gained by the reshuffling of the meanings and symbols into a surprisingly novel relationship is the main source of personal gratification. See also AMBIVALENCE THEORIES OF HUMOR; COGNITIVE THEORIES OF HUMOR; CON-FIGURATIONAL THEORIES OF HUMOR; HUMOR, THEORIES OF; INCONGRUITY/INCONSISTENCY THEORIES OF HUMOR; MOTIVATIONAL THEORIES OF HUMOR; SUPERIORITY THEORIES OF HUMOR; SURPRISE THEORIES OF HUMOR. REFERENCE

Roeckelein, J. E. (2002). The psychology of humor. Westport, CT: Greenwood.

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