References

Rosenzweig, S. (1936). Some implicit common factors in diverse methods of psychotherapy. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 6, 412-415. Strupp, H. (1973). Psychotherapy: Clinical, research, and theoretical issues. New York: Aronson. Luborsky, L. B., Singer, B., & Luborsky, L.

(1975). Comparative studies of psy-chotherapies. Archives of General Psychiatry, 32, 995-1008. Rosen, R. D. (1977). Psychobabble: Fast talk and quick cure in the era of feeling. New York: Atheneum. Gross, M. (1979). The psychological society. New York: Simon & Schuster.

York: HarperCollins. Dawes, R. (1994). House of cards: Psychology and psychotherapy built on myth. New York: Free Press. Fisher, S., & Greenberg, R. (1996). Freud scientifically reappraised. New York: Wiley. Horgan, J. (1996). Why Freud isn't dead. Scientific American, 275, 106-111. Crits-Christoph, P. (1997). Limitations of the Dodo bird verdict and the role of clinical trials in psychotherapy research. Psychological Bulletin, 122, 216-220.

Wampold, B., Mondin, G., Moody, M., Stich, F., Benson, K., & Ahn, H. (1997). A meta-analysis of outcome studies comparing bona fide psychothera-pies: Empirically, "All must have prizes." Psychological Bulletin, 122, 203-215, 226-230.

DOLLAR AUCTION GAME. See CONCORDE FALLACY/EFFECT.

DOLLO'S LAW. This principle, named in honor of the Belgian paleontologist Louis A. M. J. Dollo (1857-1931), states that an organism's function, or complex structure, that is lost in the course of evolution is never fully regained in its original form. Thus, Dollo's law implies that the process of evolution is irreversible. However, even though this may generally be true, there are exceptions to be found; for example, the eyes of snakes appear to have re-evolved from secondarily blind burrowing forms. See also EVOLUTION, LAWS OF. REFERENCE

Jay, S. (Ed.) (1980). Louis Dollo's papers on paleontology and evolution. New York: Arno Press.

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