References

Dewey, J. (1896). The reflex arc concept in psychology. Psychological Review, 3, 357-370.

Hull, C. L. (1929). A functional interpretation of the conditioned reflex. Psychological Review, 36, 498-511.

REFLEX FATIGUE, LAW OF. See SKINNER'S DESCRIPTIVE BEHAVIOR/OPER-ANT CONDITIONING THEORY.

REFLEXOLOGY THEORY. This theoretical approach refers to a system of psychological thought developed chiefly by the Russian physician Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev (1857-1927) - who initially named his work objective psychology and then, later, reflexol-ogy - and other Russian psychologists that attempts to explain human behavior on the basis of the reflex as the fundamental "unit" of behavior, and involves explanations for various processes, including higher mental operations generated from these "units" (cf., reflex-sensitization principle - states that after a specified response has been elicited repeatedly by a particular stimulus, it may be elicited, also, by a "neutral" stimulus that previously was not an adequate stimulus for eliciting that specific response). Reflexology theory emphasizes the involuntary automatic responses to stimuli, in particular as they influence the behavior of both animals and humans. The theory rests, also, on the early work of the English physiologist Sir Charles Scott Sher-rington (1857-1952) and the Russian physiologist Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849-1936) who suggested that psychological processes can be explained by the biologically-based associations among sensorimotor interactions. Later, reflexology was employed as the basis of a controversial and unconventional method of mental and physical therapy/treatment that was implemented, in one case, by pressing various regions of the soles of the feet, supposedly corresponding to certain areas of the body (e.g., the region along the inner side of the foot allegedly is linked to early memories in the individual's experience). See also PAVLOVIAN CONDITIONING PRINCIPLES/LAWS/THEORIES; PSEUDOSCIEN-TIFIC/UNCONVENTIONAL THEORIES; REFLEX ARC THEORY/CONCEPT; SKIN

NER'S DESCRIPTIVE BEHAVIOR/OP-ERANT CONDITIONING THEORY. REFERENCES

Bekhterev, V. M. (1928/1932). General principles of human reflexology: An introduction to the objective study of personality. New York: International Publishers. Pavlov, I. P. (1928). Lectures on conditioned reflexes. New York: International Publishers.

Sherrington, C. S. (1906). The integrative action of the nervous system. New York: Cambridge University Press.

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