Reliabilityvalidity Theory

MEASUREMENT THEORY; NOMOLOGI-CAL NETWORK THEORY.

RELIEF/TENSION-RELEASE THEORIES OF HUMOR/LAUGHTER. The relief/tension-release class of humor theories places great weight on the relief from stress and on relaxation that derives from the sudden removal of a threat or discomfiture (cf., release theory of humor - states that humor tends first to raise one's level of anxiety and then, subsequently, to lower the individual's anxiety-level). For example, the French philosopher Rene Descartes (1596-1650) maintained that laughter results from the joy that comes when an indignation at some evil or malice has been mitigated by the realization that it does not cause personal harm; the British associationist/philosopher David Hartley (1705-1757) asserted that laughter is an expression of pleasure at the elimination of something alarming or painful; and the English psychologist James Sully (1842-1923) indicated that laughter may be produced by relief from strain or by the sudden induction of a playful mood. Other features of the relief/tension-release theories of humor are that the humorous process involves a disruption of orderly thought processes due to a sudden triumph of good or pleasurable values centering on a release from the tension produced by controlled thought; and the concept of relief/ tension-release is the most common/prevalent factor - among many other potential aspects -leading to the occasion of laughter. See also DESCARTES' THEORY OF HUMOR/ LAUGHTER; FREUD'S THEORY OF WIT/HUMOR; HARTLEY'S THEORY OF HUMOR/LAUGHTER; HUMOR, THEORIES OF; SPENCER'S THEORY OF LAUGHTER/HUMOR; SULLY'S THEORY OF LAUGHTER/HUMOR. REFERENCE

Roeckelein, J. E. (2002). The psychology of humor. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

RELIGION, THEORIES OF. See CONDUCT, LAWS OF; KOHLBERG'S THEORY OF MORALITY.

RELIGIOUS INSTINCT HYPOTHESIS.

See KOHLBERG'S THEORY OF MORALITY.

REPRODUCTION OF THE SIMILAR,

LAW OF. See CONDUCT, LAWS OF.

REPRODUCTION THEORY OF IMAGERY. See IMAGERY/MENTAL IMAGERY, THEORIES OF.

REPRODUCTIVE PHASES THEORY.

See DEVELOPMENTAL THEORY.

REQUISITE VARIETY, LAW OF. See

INFORMATION AND INFORMATION-PROCESSING THEORY.

RESCORLA-WAGNER THEORY/MODEL. See ASSOCIATIVE LEARNING IN ANIMALS, THEORIES OF; BLOCKING, PHENOMENON/EFFECT OF; PAVLOV-IAN CONDITIONING PRINCIPLES/LAWS/ THEORIES.

RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS. See NULL HYPOTHESIS.

REMINISCENCE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE. See LEARNING THEORIES/ LAWS.

REM SLEEP, THEORY OF. See SLEEP,

THEORIES OF.

RESEMBLANCE/SIMILARITY, LAW

OF. See ASSOCIATION, LAWS/PRINCIPLES OF; GESTALT THEORY/LAWS.

RESIDUAL DEVIANCE HYPOTHESIS.

See LABELING/DEVIANCE THEORY.

REORGANIZATION PRINCIPLE AND THEORY. See PERCEPTION (I. GENERAL), THEORIES OF.

REPAIR/RESTORATION/RECUPERATIVE THEORY. See SLEEP, THEORIES OF.

REPEATED REPRODUCTION METHOD. See FORGETTING/MEMORY, THEORIES OF.

REPETITION/FREQUENCY, LAW OF.

See ASSOCIATION, LAWS/PRINCIPLES OF; FREQUENCY, LAW OF; SKINNER'S DESCRIPTIVE BEHAVIOR/OPERANT CONDITIONING THEORY.

REPETITION LAW/EFFECT. See FREQUENCY, LAW OF; HEDONISM, THEORY/LAW OF; INHIBITION, LAWS OF.

RESIDUES, LAW OF. See PARSIMONY, LAW/PRINCIPLE OF.

RESISTANCE, LAW OF. See GESTALT THEORY/LAWS.

RESOLUTION LAW. See WOLPE'S THEORY/TECHNIQUE OF RECIPROCAL INHIBITION.

RESOLUTION, LAW OF. See SKINNER'S DESCRIPTIVE BEHAVIOR/OPERANT CONDITIONING THEORY.

RESONANCE, RESONANCE/PLACE, RESONANCE/VOLLEY THEORIES. See

AUDITION/HEARING, THEORIES OF.

RESONANCE THEORY OF LEARNING.

See MIND/MENTAL SET, LAW OF.

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