Secondary Laws Of Association

See ASSOCIATION, LAWS/PRINCIPLES OF.

SECONDARY MEMORY. See SHORT-TERM AND LONG-TERM MEMORY, THEORIES OF.

SECONDARY REINFORCEMENT, PRINCIPLE OF. See REINFORCEMENT THEORY; SKINNER'S DESCRIPTIVE BE-HAVIOR/OPERANT CONDITIONING THEORY.

SECULAR HUMANIST DOCTRINE. See

KOHLBERG'S THEORY OF MORALITY.

SECURE-BASE PHENOMENON. See DEVELOPMENTAL THEORY.

SEDUCTION THEORY. The Austrian neurologist/psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud (18561939) proposed a seduction theory in 1895 (but abandoned it after a few years), in which the cause of neuroses was thought to be traceable to repressed memories of sexual seduction having occurred in one's childhood. After 1897, however, Freud dropped the notion that the "seductions" were based in reality and advanced, instead, a theory of psychical reality (i.e., the idea that anything that is interpreted by a person as real should be attended to, including fantasies that are experienced as memories of occurrences - such as sexual seduction during childhood - whether or not they are based on real events) to account for the problems of neuroses. The related Freudian term primal fantasy/phantasy refers to a primitive fantasy (imagination or mental imagery), including the following: the primal scene (the vision/observation of sexual intercourse between one's parents), one's castration, one's seduction, or some such similar personal imagined experiences, and which were posited by Freudian analysts to be universal in occurrence and to be transmitted by genetic inheritance (Freud's genetic theory) originating from supposed common practices in pre-recorded history. See also DODO HYPOTHESIS; FREUD'S THEORY OF PERSONALITY.

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