Thinkingthought Theories Of


THIRD EAR HYPOTHESIS. This theoretical notion was developed and advanced by the Austrian-born American psychoanalyst Theodor Reik (1888-1969) to denote an experienced analyst's interpretation faculty/ability whereby he/she "hears" things (figuratively speaking) in the patient's/client's words that may not be apparent to an untrained listener. The phrase listening with the third ear refers to empathetic capability whereby a therapist acquires a special sensitivity to the unspoken thoughts and feelings behind the patient's spoken words. The term was used originally in the 1800s by the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), but was elaborated more fully in the psychoanalytic milieu by Reik in 1948. Thus, with the trained/intuitive third ear, the analyst may interpret the deeper meanings of the utterances of the patient. For example, the patient's overtly spoken words, "My father was a good man," may be interpreted by the therapist to actually mean "Though I feel my father was a moral individual, I never really loved him, but only respected him" (cf., the psychoanalytic/Freudian concept of transference - a form of psychic displacement, or defense mechanism, involving the rechanneling of attitudes and emotions from their original source/object onto a substitute, such as may occur when the patient displays childlike/dependent reactions, including both aggressive and sexual behaviors, toward the therapist/analyst; such transference behavior, theoretically, is a carryover from the patient's earlier relationships, in particular regarding the relationship between the patient and his or her parents/guardians). See also FREUD'S THEORY OF PERSONALITY.

Sleeping Sanctuary

Sleeping Sanctuary

Salvation For The Sleep Deprived The Ultimate Guide To Sleeping, Napping, Resting And  Restoring Your Energy. Of the many things that we do just instinctively and do not give much  of a thought to, sleep is probably the most prominent one. Most of us sleep only because we have to. We sleep because we cannot stay awake all 24 hours in the day.

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