Threephase Developmental Theory See Murphys Biosocial Theory

THREE-PRIMARIES LAW. See COLOR MIXTURE, LAWS/THEORY OF.

THREE-SEVEN EFFECT/PHENOMENON. This effect is based on the notion of population stereotype (i.e., in a situation involving an apparent arbitrary choice, a particular option may be chosen by a large proportion of a given population, and refers to a manner of thinking/perceiving/behaving that is statistically significant within the population), and is used frequently by performers and conjurers pretending to project their thoughts telepathically onto individuals in an audience. In this case, the performer says that he will think of a two-digit number between 1 and 50, and the number will have both digits odd but not the same. Then, the performer says, as an example, that "15" would be all-right but "11" would not because the two odd digits are the same. Subsequently, when asked which members of the audience got "37," it's likely that more than one-third of them thought of the number "37." This is due to the following reasons: the digits "3" and "7" are population stereotypes; and the performer's instructions leaves only seven possible two-digit numbers, apart from "15" that is likely to be eliminated by the audience because it was used in the example given by the performer. Another example of population stereotype is the result that occurs when people are asked to draw two geometric figures one inside the other; in this case, typically, more than one-third of the respondents draw a circle and a triangle. The three-seven effect/phenomenon is employed, often, in bogus demonstrations of the paranormal/parapsychological phenomenon of telepathy ("extra-sensory" perception of another person's mental processes). See also ASTROLOGY, THEORY OF; BAR-NUM EFFECT; PARANORMAL PHENOMENA/THEORY.

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