Facilities For Gravitational Biology

Gilles Clement1'2 and Klaus Slenzka3

' Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Toulouse, France

2 Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, USA

3 OHB-System A G, Bremen, Germany satellites and sounding rockets. Equipment used in laboratories on Earth

Figure 3-01. Astronauts Carl E. Walz, (left) and Jerome Apt (right) work on a biotechnology experiment on board the SpaceHab module in the Space Shuttle Atlantis. The cartilage experiment investigated tissue formation and basic cell-to-cell interactions in a low-gravity, stationaiy-cell-culture environment. Photo courtesy of NASA.

This chapter describes the laboratory facilities used to conduct experiments in the domains of cell and developmental biology on board various space transportation systems, such as the International Space Station, Space Shuttle, SpaceHab, Soyuz, as well as the unmanned Bio-

satellites and sounding rockets. Equipment used in laboratories on Earth for performing ground-based control experiments, like clinostats and centrifuges, and the rationale for conducting inflight and ground control experiments, is also developed.

Figure 3-01. Astronauts Carl E. Walz, (left) and Jerome Apt (right) work on a biotechnology experiment on board the SpaceHab module in the Space Shuttle Atlantis. The cartilage experiment investigated tissue formation and basic cell-to-cell interactions in a low-gravity, stationaiy-cell-culture environment. Photo courtesy of NASA.

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