Birth Related Hemorrhages

In the neonatal period, conjunctival and retinal hemorrhages (and some intracranial hemorrhages) can be the result of nonaccidental injuries (violent shaking, direct trauma) or birth trauma, and careful consideration should be given to this differential diagnosis. Birth-related conjunctival hemorrhages may be documented in delivery or neonatal medical notes charts, or they may be seen on family photographs of a newborn child. Note, however, that their absence may be the result of sampling...