Novel InVitro Exposure Techniques for Toxicity Testing and Biomonitoring of Airborne Contaminants 103

Amanda Hayes, Shahnaz Bakand, and Chris Winder

4.1 Introduction 103

4.2 The Inhalation of Air Contaminants 103

4.3 Toxicological Assessment 105

4.4 In-Vitro Toxicological Studies 107

4.5 Applications of In-Vitro Test Methods 107

4.6 In-Vitro Toxicity Endpoints 108

4.7 In-Vitro Toxicity Testing of Air Contaminants 109

4.7.1 Indirect Methods 111

4.7.2 Direct Methods 112

4.8 Conclusions 115 References 116

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