Failure of Urinary Drainage Lower Tract

J.M. Patterson, C.R. Chapple

11.1 Introduction 118

11.2 The Male Patient 118

11.2.1 Introduction 118

11.2.2 Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia 118

11.2.2.1 Pathophysiology 118

11.2.2.2 Epidemiology and Diagnosis 119

11.2.2.3 Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms 121

11.2.2.4 Bladder Outflow Obstruction 121

11.2.2.5 Management 122

11.2.2.6 Pitfalls 123

11.2.3 Malignant Prostatic Disease 123

11.2.3.1 Pathophysiology 123

11.2.3.2 Epidemiology and Diagnosis 123

11.2.3.3 Management 123

11.2.3.4 Pitfalls 124

11.2.4 Urethral Stricture Disease 124

11.2.4.1 Pathophysiology 124

11.2.4.2 Epidemiology and Diagnosis 124

11.2.4.3 Management 125

11.2.4.4 Pitfalls 125

11.2.5 Other Causes of Failure of Lower Urinary Tract Drainage 125

11.2.5.1 Postoperative Urinary Retention 125

11.2.5.2 Urinary Tract Infection 126

11.2.5.3 Urothelial Malignancy 126

11.2.5.4 Neurological Abnormalities 127

11.2.5.5 Trauma 127

11.3 The Female Patient 129

11.3.1 Introduction 129

11.3.2 Urinary Tract Infection 129

11.3.3 Neurological Abnormalities 129

11.3.4 Postsurgery for Stress Incontinence 129

11.3.5 Other Causes of Failure of Lower Urinary Tract Drainage 130

References 130

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