Torsion

Torsion is defined by Webster's dictionary as a noun which means "the action of being twisted, or the state of being twisted, especially one end of an object relative to another." Torsion of the testicle is the disease process whereby there is cessation of blood flow to the testicle because of an occlusion of arterial blood supply due to twisting of the artery (and associated structures), which can lead to testicular loss unless there is timely intervention. Anatomically defined, torsion can either be intravaginal or extravaginal. The entity of intermittent or minimal torsion, is created by a short-lived torsion process in which venous obstruction occurs first. This causes tissue congestion and edema, which then impairs arterial inflow into the testicle, causing acute pain.

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