Artificial Organs and Transplantation

Tissue engineering is making substantial progress [9] in growing synthetic organs, and transplantation is becoming successful in using less toxic immunosup-pression, xenotransplantation, or other techniques. The result will be sufficient tissues and organs for transplantation, whether by modifying current techniques or through the use of various forms of tissue and genetic engineering. Once the need for artificial organs to substitute for organ failure has been satisfied, consideration can be made to the use of artificial organs for virtually any or every procedure. Today, surgeons practice organ conservation; however, with an adequate supply of artificial organs, surgeons may train to proficiency in one operation per organ system: remove and replace the entire organ in most every circumstance. There will be no need for dozens of different procedures in the surgeon's armamentarium, rather, one procedure per organ. It may be conceivable that some day, rather than repair organs, surgeons will simply remove and replace any diseased organ, just as automobile parts are no longer repaired, but simply replaced by a new and better part.

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