Breakfast is identified in many studies as a nutrient-dense, low-fat meal, yet is often omitted by adolescents. Around 10% of younger children miss breakfast, rising to 20% as adulthood is approached. Boys omit breakfast less than girls and favor cereals rather than bread or a cooked breakfast. Data on breakfast habits have revealed higher intakes of sugars, fiber, and micronutrients, such as folate, niacin, iron, calcium and zinc, amongst high breakfast cereal consumers. Fat intakes, as a proportion of energy, are inversely related to breakfast cereal intake, probably due to the higher carbohydrate intakes of breakfast consumers. Previous surveys of adolescents have found an inverse relationship between breakfast cereal consumption and body mass index.
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