Conclusion

The contemporary terminology referring to the tendency to increase the amount of food eaten at a meal and the greater frequency at which food is eaten demonstrates the importance of a clear understanding of the consequences of meal size and frequency on health. Satiety peptides and adiposity hormones attempt to control the size of a meal eaten, and increased meal frequency, within the constraints of energy balance, has been found to have beneficial effects attenuating circulating substrates. However, to elucidate the influence that meal size and frequency have on absorption and metabolism, and to clarify whether the increase in the volume of food eaten at a meal and the greater frequency at which food is eaten have a direct affect on health, further research on the free-living population is required.

See also: Appetite: Physiological and Neurobiological Aspects; Psychobiological and Behavioral Aspects. Energy: Metabolism; Balance; Requirements. Energy Expenditure: Indirect Calorimetry. Weight Management: Approaches; Weight Maintenance; Weight Cycling.

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