Definition and Etiology

Cerebral palsy is a term that refers to a number of nonprogressive disorders of movement and posture that result from an injury to the central nervous system during early brain development (Table 1).

Table 1 Causes of cerebral palsy

Cause % of cases

Perinatal 44

First trimester

- Teratogens

- Genetic syndromes

- Chromosomal abnormalities

- Brain malformations Second and third trimesters

- Intrauterine infections

- Problems in fetal/placental functioning

Labor and delivery 19

Preeclampsia

Complications of labor and delivery

Perinatal 8

Sepsis/central nervous system infection

Asphyxia

Prematurity

Childhood 5

Meningitis

Traumatic brain injury Toxins

Not obvious 24

Adapted from Hagberg B and Hagberg G (1984) Prenatal and perinatal risk factors in a survey of 681 Swedish cases. In: Stanley F and Alberman E (eds.) The Epidemiology of the Cerebral Palsied, pp. 116-134. Philadelphia: JB Lippincott.

Low Carb Diets Explained

Low Carb Diets Explained

You can burn stored body fat for energy and shed excess weight by reducing the carbohydrate intake in your diet. Learn All About The Real Benefits of Low Carb Diets And Discover What They Can Really Do To Improve The Quality Of Your Life Today.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment