Dietary Assessment

In children with Down's syndrome, conflicting reports have shown energy intake to be less than, similar to, or more than that of age-matched comparison groups, with a small percentage of children exceeding the recommended daily intake by more than 50%. However, because children with this syndrome tend to be shorter than age-matched children, energy intake comparisons need to be calculated per unit of body height.

Lower than recommended intakes of nonstarch polysaccharide coupled with higher than recommended consumption of protein and fats have also been reported. Some, but not all, researchers have reported low intakes of calcium, particularly in preschool and school-age children who refuse or limit milk consumption. Iron intakes have been reported to be low, particularly non-hem iron. Vitamins A and C intakes are limited in those who have a poor intake of fruit and vegetables. Intake of B vitamins has also been reported as low.

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