Caffeine has been shown to have a bronchial and smooth muscle relaxant effect and to improve skeletal muscle contractility. Significant increases in hand tremor and forearm extensor electromyogram were observed in human subjects after the ingestion of 6mgkg_1 of caffeine. This effect is more likely due to a CNS stimulatory effect than to direct action on the muscle fibers. Skeletal muscle fatigue can be reversed by high concentrations of caffeine obtained only in vitro but not in vivo.
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