Enteral Diets

The enteral diets are all complete and will meet the RNIs when fed to meet total energy requirements but may be deficient in meeting micronutrient requirements if given as supplements or in hypoca-loric (not meeting total requirements) amounts. The types of diets are as follows:

1. Polymeric: Composed of whole proteins and oli-gosaccharides with fat partly as long-chain triglycerides and partly as medium-chain triglycerides. They are low in osmolality and palatable and can be taken by mouth.

Table 1 Specialized formulations

Formulation

Use

Branched-chain

Treat hepatic encephalopathy.

amino acids

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