Further Reading

Alexander JW, MacMillan BG, Stinnett JD et al. (1980) Beneficial effects of aggressive protein feeding in severely burned children. Annals of Surgery 192: 505-517.

Artigas AT, Dronda SB, Valles EC et al. (2001) Risk factors for nosocomial pneumonia in critically ill trauma patients. Critical Care Medicine 29: 304-309.

Bertolini G, Iapichino G, Radrizzani D et al. (2003) Early enteral immunonutrition in patients with severe sepsis. Results of an interim analysis of a randomized multicentre clinical trial. Intensive Care Medicine 29: 834-840.

De Jonghe B, Appere-de-Vechi C, Fournier M et al. (2001) A prospective survey of nutritional support practice in intensive care unit patients: What is prescribe? What is delivered? Critical Care Medicine 29: 8-12.

Eyer SD, Micon LT, Konstantinides FN et al. (1993) Early enteral feeding does not attenuate metabolic response after blunt trauma. Journal of Trauma 34: 639-643.

Gadek JE, DeMichele SJ, Karlstad MD et al. (1999) Effect of enteral feeding with eicosapentaenoic acid, gamma-linolenic acid, and antioxidants in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Enteral Nutrition in ARDS Study Group. Critical Care Medicine 27: 1409-1420.

Han-Geurts IJM, Jeekel J, Tilanus HW, and Brouwer KJ (2001) Randomized clinical trial of patient-controlled versus fixed regimen feeding after elective surgery. British Journal of Surgery 88: 1578-1582.

Heyland DK, Dhaliwal R, Drover JW, Gramlich L, and Dodek P (2003) Canadian clinical practice guidelines for nutrition support in mechanically ventilated, critically ill adult patients. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 27: 355-373.

Heyland DK, Novak F, Drover JW et al. (2001) Should immunonutrition become routine in critically ill patients? Journal of the American Medical Association 286: 944-953.

Ibrahim EH, Mehringer L, Prentice D et al. (2002) Early versus late enteral feeding of mechanically ventilated patients: Results of a clinical trial. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 26: 174-181.

Jeejeebhoy KN (2001) TPN potion or poison. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 74: 160.

Kudsk KA and Moore FA (chairpersons) (2001) Proceedings from the summit on immune-enhancing enteral therapy. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 25: S1-S63.

Marik PE and Zaloga GP (2003) Gastric versus post-pyloric feeding: A systematic review. Critical Care 7: R46-R61.

Montejo JC, Zarazaga A, Lopez-Martinez J and the Spanish Society of Intensive Care Medicine and Coronary Units (2003) Immunonutrition in the intensive care unit. A systematic review and consensus statement. Clinical Nutrition 22: 221-233.

Moore FA, Moore EE, Poggetti R et al. (1991) Gut bacterial translocation via the portal vein: A clinical perspective with major torso trauma. Journal of Trauma 31: 629-636.

Murray SM and Pindoria S (2002) Nutrition support for bone marrow transplant patients. Cochrane Database of Systems Review 2: CD002920.

Naylor CD, O'Rourke K, Detsky AS, and Baker JP (1989) Par-enteral nutrition with branched-chain amino acids in hepatic encephalopathy. A meta-analysis. Gastroenterology 97: 10331042.

Nelson JK and Fleming CR (1990) Home enteral nutrition for adults. In: Rombeau JL and Caldwell MD (eds.) Clinical Nutrition Enteral and Tube Feeding, 2nd edn, pp. 450-462. Toronto: WB Saunders.

Saluja SS, Kaur N, and Shrivastava UK (2002) Enteral nutrition in surgical patients. Surgery Today 32: 672-678.

Sanders DS, Carter MJ, D'Silva J et al. (2000) Survival analysis in percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy feeding: A worse outcome in patients with dementia. American Journal of Gastro-enterology 95: 1472-1475.

Souheil A-Ai, Kimberly C, and O'Keefe SJD (2002) Hypocaloric jejunal feeding is better than total parenteral nutrition in acute pancreatitis: Results of a randomized comparative study. American Journal of Gastroenterology 97: 22552262.

van den Berghe G, Wouters P, Weekers F et al. (2001) Intensive insulin therapy in the critically ill patients. New England Journal of Medicine 345: 1359.

Woodcock NP, Zeigler D, Palmer MD et al. (2001) Enteral versus parenteral nutrition: A pragmatic study. Nutrition 17: 1-12.

Yanagawa T, Bunn F, Roberts I, Wentz R, and Pierro A (2002) Nutritional support for head-injured patients. Cochrane Database of Systems Review 3: CD001530.

Zaloga GP and Roberts P (1994) Permissive underfeeding. New Horizons 2: 257-263.

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