Further Reading

Cetin I (2003) Placental transport of amino acids in normal and growth-restricted pregnancies. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, 110(supplement 1): S50-S54.

Dutta-Roy AK (2000) Transport mechanisms for long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in the human placenta. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 71: 315S-322S.

Gagnon R (2003) Placental insufficiency and its consequences. European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology 110: S99-S107.

Haggarty P (2002) Placental regulation of fatty acid delivery and its effect on fetal growth - a review. Placenta 23(supplement A): S28-S38.

Hay WW Jr (1995) Metabolic interrelationships of placenta and fetus. Placenta 16: 19-30.

Illsley NP (2000) Glucose transporters in the human placenta. Placenta 21(1): 14-22.

Jansson T, Ylven K, Wennergren M, and Powell TL (2002) Glucose transport and system A activity in syncytiotro phoblast microvillous and basal plasma membranes in intrau-terine growth restriction. Placenta 23(5): 392-399.

Kaufmann P and Scheffen I (1998) Placental development. In: Polin RA and Fox WW (eds.) Fetal and Neonatal Physiology, pp. 5970. W.B. Philadelphia: Saunders Company.

Marconi AM, Paolini C, Buscaglia M, Zerbe G, Battaglia FC, and Pardi G (1996) The impact of gestational age and fetal growth on the maternal-fetal glucose concentration difference. Obstetrics and Gynecology 87: 937-942.

Pardi G, Marconi AM, and Cetin I (2002) Placental-fetal interrelationship in IUGR fetuses - a review. Placenta 23(supplement A): S136-141.

Sparks JW (1984) Human intrauterine growth and nutrient accretion. Seminars in Perinatology 8: 74-93.

Regnault TR, de Vrijer B, and Battaglia FC (2002) Transport and metabolism of amino acids in placenta. Endocrine 19(1): 23-41.

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