Further Reading

Benno Y and Mitsuoka T (1986) Development of intestinal microflora in humans and animals. Bifidobacteria Microflora 5: 13-25.

Dai D and Walker WA (1999) Protective nutrients and bacterial colonization in the immature human gut. Advances in Pediatrics 46: 353-382.

De Roos N and Katan M (2000) Effects of probiotic bacteria on diarrhea, lipid metabolism, and carcinogenesis: a review of papers published between 1988 and 1998. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 71: 405-411.

Falk PG, Hooper LV, Midvedt T, and Gordon JI (1998) Creating and maintaining the gastrointestinal ecosystem: What we know and need to know from gnotobiology. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 62: 1157-1170.

Guandalini S, Pensabene L, Zikri M, Dias J, Casali L, Hoekstra H, Kolacek S, Massar K, Micetic-Turk D et al. (2000) Lacto-bacillus GG administered in an oral rehydration solution to children with acute diarrhea: a multicenter European trial. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 30: 54-60.

Guarner F and Malagelada JR (2003) Gut flora in health and disease. Lancet 381: 512-519.

Gueimonde M, Ouwehand AC, and Salminen S (2004) Safety of probiotics. Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition 48: 42-48.

He F, Morita H, Hashimoto H, Hosoda M, Kurisaki J, Ouwehand AC, Isolauri E, Benno Y, and Salminen S (2002) Intestinal Bifidobacterium species induce varying cytokine production. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 109: 1035-1036.

Isolauri E, Kirjavainen PV, and Salminen S (2002) Probiotics: a role in the treatment of intestinal infection and inflammation? Gut 50(Suppl. 3): iii54-iii59.

Isolauri E, Salminen S, and Ouwehand AC (2004) Probiotics. Best Practice and Research Clinical Gastroenterology 18: 299-313.

Jonkers D and Stockbriigger R (2003) Probiotics and inflammatory bowel disease. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 96: 167-171.

Kalliomaki M, Kirjavainen P, Eerola E, Kero P, Salminen S, and Isolauri E (2001) Distinct patterns of neonatal gut microflora in infants developing or not developing atopy. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 107: 129-134.

Kalliomaki M, Salminen S, Arvilommi H, Kero P, Koskinen P, and Isolauri E (2001) Probiotics in the prevention of atopic diseases: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 357: 1076-1079.

Ohashi Y, Nakai S, Tsukamoto T, Masumori N, Akaza H, Miyanaga N et al. (2002) Habitual intake of lactic acid bacteria and risk reduction of bladder cancer. Urology International 68: 273-280.

Pridmore RD, Berger B, Desiere F, Vilanova D, Barretto C, Pittet A-C, Zwahlen M-C, Rouvet M, Altermann E, Barrangou R, Mollet B, Mercenier A, Klaenhammer T, Arigoni F, and Schell MA (2004) The genome sequence of the probiotic intestinal bacterium Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 101: 2512-2517.

Salminen S, Bouley MC, Boutron-Rualt MC, Cummings J, Franck A, Gibson G, Isolauri E, Moreau M-C, Roberfroid M, and

Rowland I (1998) Functional food science and gastrointestinal physiology and function. British Journal of Nutrition Suppl 1: 147-171.

Salminen SJ, von Wright AJ, Ouwehand AC, and Holzapfel WH

(2001) Safety assessment of probiotics and starters. In: Adams MR and Nout MJR (eds.) Fermentation and Food Safety, 1st edn, pp. 239-251. Gaithersburg: Aspen Publishers, Inc.

Schell MA, Karmirantzou M, Snel B, Vilanova D, Berger B, Pessi G, Zwahlen M-C, Desiere F, Bork P et al. (2002) The genome sequence of Bifidobacterium longum reflects its adaptation to the human gastrointestinal tract. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99: 14422-14427.

Schiffrin EJ, Brassart D, Servin AL, Rochat F, and Donnet-Hughes A (1997) Immune modulation of blood leukocytes in humans by lactic acid bacteria: criteria for strain selection. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 66: 515S-520S.

Shanahan F (2002) Crohn's disease. Lancet 359: 62-69.

Sudo N, Sawamura S, Tanaka K, Aiba Y, Kubo C, and Koga Y (1997) The requirement of intestinal bacterial flora for the development of an IgE production system fully susceptible to oral tolerance induction. Journal of Immunology 159: 17391745.

Tannock GW (2003) Probiotics: time for a dose of realism. Current Issues in Intestinal Microbiology 4: 33-42.

Van Niel CW, Fewudtner C, Garrison MM, and Christakis DA

(2002) Lactobacillus therapy for acute infectious diarrhea in children: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics 109: 678-684.

Vaughan E, de Vries M, Zoentendal E, Ben-Amor K, Akkermans A, and de Vos W (2002) The intestinal LABs. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 82: 341-352.

Xu J, Chiang HC, Bjursell MK, and Gordon JI (2004) Message from a human gut symbiont: sensitivity is a prerequisite for sharing. Trends in Microbiology 12: 21-28.

Milk see Dairy Products

Minerals see Calcium. Magnesium. Phosphorus. Potassium. Sodium: Physiology

Molybdenum see Ultratrace Elements

Monosaturated Fat see Fatty Acids: Monounsaturated

Mycotoxins see Food Safety: Mycotoxins

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