Further Reading

Borel P (2003) Factors affecting intestinal absorption of highly lipophilic food microconstituents (fat-soluble vitamins, carotenoids and phytosterols). Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine 41: 979-994. Britton G (1995) Structure and properties of carotenoids in relation to function. FASEB Journal 9: 1551-1558. Britton G, Liaaen-Jensen S, and Pfander H (eds.) (1995) Carotenoids: Isolation and Analysis vol. 1A and Spectroscopy, vol. 1B Basel, Boston, Berlin: Birkhauser Verlag. During A and Harrison EH (2004) Intestinal absorption and metabolism of carotenoids: insights from cell culture. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 430: 77-78. Frank HA, Young AJ, Britton G, and Cogdell RJ (1999) The Photochemistry of Carotenoids, (Advances in Photosynthesis, vol. 8). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Holden JM, Eldridge AL, Beecher GR, Buzzard IM, Bhagwat S, Davis CS, Douglass LW, Gebhardt S, Haytowitz D, and Schakel S (1999) Carotenoid content of U.S. foods: An update of the database. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 12: 169-196.

Isler O (1971) Carotenoids. Basel: Birkhauser-Verlag.

Khachik F, Carvalho L, Bernstein PS, Muir GJ, Zhao D-Y, and Katz NB (2002) Chemistry, distribution, and metabolism of tomato carotenoids and their impact on human health. Experimental Biology and Medicine 227: 845-851.

Krinsky NI, Mayne ST, and Sies H (eds.) (2004) Carotenoids in Health and Disease (Oxidative Stress and Disease Series vol. 15). New York: Marcel Dekker.

Rodriguez-Amaya B (1999) In A Guide to Carotenoid Analysis in Foods. Washington, DC: ILSI Press.

Schalch W (2001) Possible contribution of lutein and zeaxanthin, carotenoids of the macula lutea, to reducing the risk for age-related macular degeneration: a review. HKJ Ophthalmology 4: 31-42.

Yeum K-J and Russell RM (2002) Carotenoid bioavailability and bioconversion. Annual Review of Nutrition 22: 483-504.

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