0.4 —

— Total

Age, pack years smoking, smoking status, physical activity, education, beer

consumption, height, BMI at age 18, waist circumference consumption, height, BMI at age 18, waist circumference a1 = lowest BMI. The exposure categories of low to high are for summary purposes only and do not correspond to identical categories across studies.

Table 5 Estimated relative risk of lung cancer according to alcohol intake®

First author (year)

Sex Total alcohol



Hard liquor

Mettlin (1989) Wu-Williams (1990) Bandera (1992) De Stefani (1993) Mayne (1994) Carpenter (1998) Korte (2002) Dosemeci (1997) Swanson (1997) Murata (1996) Zang (2001)

Pollack (1984) Chow (1992) Potter (1992) Kvale (1983) Gordon (1984)

Kono (1986/87) Stemmermann (1990) Breslow (2000)

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