Info

Fermentability

Complete

Complete

Variable

Production of SCFA

Yes

Yes

Yes

Increased butyrate production

High

High

Variable

CO2 and H2 production

Yes

Yes

Variable

Decreased fecal pH

Yes

Yes

Some NSP

Decreased production of deoxycholate

Yes

Yes

Some NSP

Increased colonocyte proliferation

Yes

Yes

Yes

Increased fecal bulk

At high dose

No

Variable

Faster whole gut transit time

At high dose

No

Yes

Increased bacterial nitrogen and biomass

Yes

Yes

Yes

Reduced mineral absorption in small intestine

No

No

Some NSP

Increased mineral absorption in large intestine

Yes

Yes

Some NSP

Possible prevention of colorectal cancer

Yes

Not known

Yes

aNSP, nonstarch polysaccharide.

See also: Breast Feeding. Cereal Grains. Colon:

Structure and Function. Dietary Fiber: Physiological Effects and Effects on Absorption; Potential Role in Etiology of Disease; Role in Nutritional Management of Disease. Legumes. Microbiota of the Intestine: Prebiotics.

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