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maltitol syrup

Adapted with permission from the Journal of the American Diabetic Association Position Paper: Use of Nutritive and Nonnutritive Sweetners.

Adapted with permission from the Journal of the American Diabetic Association Position Paper: Use of Nutritive and Nonnutritive Sweetners.

Many 'diet' sweeteners, such as sorbitol or fructose-based snacks, do cause at least some degree of hyperglycemia. Sugar alcohols (polyols) such as sorbitol, mannitol, and xylitol are classified as hydrogenated monosaccharides, hydrogenated disaccharides, and oligosaccharides. They do contain calories, but because they are only partially absorbed in the small intestine, they have a reduced energy value per gram. Excessive use of sugar alcohols has laxative effects and can cause diarrhea.

It is important for people with diabetes to understand clearly these distinctions because many calories can be ingested with foods labeled as 'diet' under the false assumption that they are without effect on blood glucose.

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