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0 to <3 3 to <10 10 to 18 18 to <30 30 to <60 >60 Age (years)

0 to <3 3 to <10 10 to 18 18 to <30 30 to <60 >60 Age (years)

Figure 2 Seasonal changes in dietary energy intake in different age groups in Bangladesh: (A) males; (B) females. (Data from Tetens I, Hels O, Khan NI, Thilsted SH, and Hassan N (2003) Rice-based diets in rural Bangladesh: how do different age and sex groups adapt to seasonal changes in energy intake? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 78: 406-413.)

with a resulting reduction in suckling time. This latter circumstance has been specifically documented in Bangladesh.

The reduction in diet diversity may affect micronu-trient intake, although not always in the same direction. In The Gambia fruit and vegetable intake was found to be seasonal and vitamin C intake varied from nil in the rainy season to about 100mgday_1 in the dry season, affecting both plasma ascorbate and breast-milk ascorbate. In Cameroon, during the wet season calcium intake was reduced by 30%, iron intake by 20%, and thiamin by 15%. However, the consumption of leafy vegetables and fruit increased during the wet season, as did carotene (+100%) and ascorbic acid (+50%).

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