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aAlmost all individuals in the population should have an intake equal or greater than the corresponding EAR. In this table, adequacy rates smaller than 100% means that half or more of the population is not fulfilling the nutritional requirement. bData for children 4-8years old.

cConversion factor for vitamin A from plant sources was changed from 1:6 to 1:12 (retinol:^-carotene).

aAlmost all individuals in the population should have an intake equal or greater than the corresponding EAR. In this table, adequacy rates smaller than 100% means that half or more of the population is not fulfilling the nutritional requirement. bData for children 4-8years old.

cConversion factor for vitamin A from plant sources was changed from 1:6 to 1:12 (retinol:^-carotene).

also widespread due to the absence of foods containing this nutrient. It seems that only vitamin B6 may be the exception for micronutrient deficiencies in developing countries. Improvement in micronutrient adequacy cannot be expected with a simple increase of the consumption of food (in order to satisfy the daily energy requirements) without changes in the quality of the diet, because inadequacies originate from the low-micronutrient content of the usual foods consumed.

In South Africa, nutrient adequacy for vitamin B12, vitamin A, and vitamin B2 was better than in the other countries included in Table 2; this may be a consequence of the greater consumption of eggs and milk in this country. Similarly, Nicaragua and Mexico presented lower deficiency for calcium, which is obviously associated with the consumption of corn-masa flour.

It is generally recognized that developing countries require not only an increase in intake of iodine, vitamin A, and iron, but also most vitamins and minerals.

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