Intrauterine Growth Restriction IUGR

In developed countries, 3-7% of newborns are classified as IUGR. These infants weigh less than two standard deviations below the mean of a population born at the same gestational age. Most of these infants experienced suboptimal nutrient supply, and consequently a restriction of fetal growth, as a result of some form of placental insufficiency. IUGR imposes increased risks of specific types of fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality (Table 5).

Table 5 Risks of specific types of fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in IUGR infants

Problem

Pathogenesis/pathophysiology

Intrauterine death

Chronic hypoxia

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