Low Birth Weight

Low birth-weight babies are born with low nutrient reserves, an immature immune system, and small sized lymphoid organs. Studies have also linked low birth weight to reductions in T-cell counts, altered proportions of lymphocyte subsets, and reduced in vitro lymphocyte proliferation in infants and children. Additionally, mucosal surfaces (of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract) are underdeveloped, thereby weakening the first layer of defense against an invading pathogen. Low birth-weight infants have increased neonatal mortality, mainly from diarrhea, pneumonia, and measles, and there is evidence that they remain at an increased risk of infection past the first year of life.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
How To Bolster Your Immune System

How To Bolster Your Immune System

All Natural Immune Boosters Proven To Fight Infection, Disease And More. Discover A Natural, Safe Effective Way To Boost Your Immune System Using Ingredients From Your Kitchen Cupboard. The only common sense, no holds barred guide to hit the market today no gimmicks, no pills, just old fashioned common sense remedies to cure colds, influenza, viral infections and more.

Get My Free Audio Book

Post a comment