Several strategies apart from the use of pharmacological supplements and food fortification have been suggested for the improvement of dietary zinc intake in developing country settings. Cereal crops, such as wheat, corn, and rice, are being bred to contain higher concentrations of zinc in the grain portion. Cereals that have a reduced content of phytate have also been produced but still require further testing of their agricultural viability and effect on improving zinc status when used in the context of a usual diet. Promotion of the production and use of zinc-rich foods through community level education and provision of starter materials could also be used. The efficacy of most of these alternative strategies to improve population zinc status has not yet been tested.
See also: Anemia: Iron-Deficiency Anemia. Diarrheal Diseases. Growth and Development, Physiological Aspects. Pregnancy: Nutrient Requirements. Supplementation: Dietary Supplements. Vitamin A:
Biochemistry and Physiological Role; Deficiency and Interventions. Zinc: Physiology.
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