Normal Development of Feeding and Swallowing

In order to understand feeding and swallowing disorders, one must recognize that there are dynamically changing developmental skills and social abilities in the growing child. Progression through the normal stages of feeding (Table 1) requires the attainment of physical abilities such as postural stability, oral motor coordination, and sensory awareness. In addition, factors such as emerging cognitive skills and

Table 1 Normal infant feeding

Age

Stage

Birth-12 months

Suck/swallow liquids (breast or bottle)

4-6 months

Pureed solids by spoon (cereal, fruits,

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