Protein synthesis represents the major route of disposal of amino acids. Amino acids are activated by binding to specific molecules of transfer RNA and assembled by ribosomes into a sequence that has been specified by messenger RNA, which in turn has been transcribed from the DNA template. Peptide bonds are then formed between adjacent amino acids. Once the polypeptide chain has been completed, the subsequent folding, posttranslational amino acid modifications, and protein packaging are all determined by the primary sequence of amino acids. The rate of protein synthesis is controlled by the rate of transcription of specific genes, the number and state of aggregation of ribosomes, and modulation of the rate of initiation of peptide synthesis.
Was this article helpful?
Get All The Support And Guidance You Need To Be A Success At The Psychology Of Weight Loss And Management. This Book Is One Of The Most Valuable Resources In The World When It Comes To Exploring How Your Brain Plays A Role In Weight Loss And Management.