The Future

Socio-economic differentials seem to be increasing in a number of countries, whether developed, developing, or those with 'transitional' economies. Several agencies use child and adult anthropometric indices as indicators of socio-economic status and to monitor the effects of social change. Recent longitudinal data from Sri Lanka and Nepal suggest that adult anthro-pometric indices may be more reliable than those of children because children are often buffered against seasonal nutritional stress by physiological and social support mechanisms. The Nepal data also indicate that adult body size does influence fitness, productivity, and reproductive performance. However, these disadvantages do not necessarily translate into equivalent socio-economic disadvantage for the whole household. The circle is neither necessarily vicious nor resistant to social and biological mitigating effects.

See also: Dental Disease. Food Choice, Influencing Factors. Nutrition Policies In Developing and Developed Countries. Nutrition Transition, Diet Change and its Implications. Nutritional Assessment:

Anthropometry; Biochemical Indices; Clinical Examination. Obesity: Childhood Obesity. World Health Organization.

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