Urethral Catheterization

Urethral catheterization is a useful procedure for the surgical patient. One of the more important indications for this procedure is to accurately measure urine output. Urine output is a critical parameter for the patient's hemody-namic status. Another indication is the relief of urinary retention, which could be due to medications, neurologic injury, or loss of bladder tone. Temporary treatment of urinary incontinence, collecting urine for bacterial culture, and treatment of perineal wounds...