Reconstruction with Body Tissue

A breast mound can also be created with tissue borrowed from another part of the body. Breasts reconstructed in this fashion are soft and have a natural shape. It is therefore much easier to match the remaining breast with this technique. (Fig. 14-2) Fewer procedures are required to complete the reconstruction

Figure 14-2 Left breast reconstruction with implant and final nipple reconstruction to match an augmented right breast for best symmetry.

compared to implant techniques. The reconstruction is permanent, ages naturally, and rarely requires touch up procedures later in life. The main disadvantages are that there will be a scar left at the site where the tissue is taken from and that the operative procedure can be lengthy. The most common area used to donate tissue for breast reconstruction is the lower abdomen. This is called a TRAM flap. The term relates to the muscle supplying vascularity to the lower abdominal block of tissue that is transferred (Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous flap).3-6 The back tissues (latissimus myocutaneous flap) can be used in some situations, but often an implant is needed in addition for adequate breast projection. The buttock, hips, and other areas of the body can also be used in special situations.

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

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